|Because millimeters are very small, they are perfect for measuring jewelry parts. For example, the gluing surfaces on most of our flat pad posts are 3mm, 4mm, 6mm, 8mm, and 10mm. If those were converted to inches, they would be (in order) approximately 1/8 inch, 5/32 inch, 1/4 inch, 5/16 inch, and 3/8 inch. Even if you've always hated the metric system, that row of millimeter sizes is clearer than that row of inch fractions: it's obvious that 4mm is larger then 3mm ... but is 1/8" larger or smaller then 5/32"?
In case you've never gotten along with millimeters, or in case you need to do some conversions and never got along with algebra, this page contains easy conversions back and forth between inches and millimeters.
Sections on this page:
If you have inches, and want to know how many millimeters:
- Step one: Convert any inch fractions to decimals.
Example: 1/4 inch = 1 divided by 4 = 0.25 inch
Example: 1/16 inch = 1 divided by 16 = 0.0625 inch
Example: 2-1/4 inch = 1 divided by 4, then plus 2 = 2.25 inch
- For amounts over an inch, you want to first convert the fractional part, then add the whole inches part:
Example: 1-5/8 inch = 5 divided by 8, then plus 1 = 1.625 inch
- Step two: Multiply that decimal by 25.4
For each of the above examples, the complete steps would be:
1/4 inch = 1 divided by 4, x 25.4 = 6.35mm (6mm)
1/16 inch = 1 divided by 16, x 25.4 = 1.5875 (1.6mm)
2-1/4 inch = 1 divided by 4, plus 2, x 25.4 = 57.15 (57mm)
1-5/8 inch = 5 divided by 8, plus 1, x 25.4 = 41.275 (41mm)
If you have millimeters (or centimeters), and you want inches:
If you are trying to figure out how many 6mm beads you need for a 20" necklace, you can use this decimal value directly. From Example 2 above, you know that a 6mm bead = .2362 inches.
- Step one: Divide your millimeter amount by 25.4
(or divide your centimeter amount by 2.54)
Example 1: 2mm divided by 25.4 = .07874 inches
Example 2: 6mm divided by 25.4 = .2362 inches
Example 3: 30mm divided by 25.4 = 1.1811 inches
Example 4: 4cm divided by 2.54 = 1.5748 inches
So, 20 inches (per necklace) divided by .2362 inches (per bead) = 84.67 beads per necklace.
Since you probably need to reserve a bit of space for your bead tips and a clasp, I would round down to 80 beads. Number of beads per strand chart
If, however, you want fractions of an inch (1/16, 1/4, 1/2), rather than a decimal, try this:
For jewelry purposes, I don't recommend rounding to larger fractions, such as 1/4, or even 1/8 inch. If you are not making jewelry, or your needs are not very exact, then you can round to a larger fraction such as 1/4. To round to the nearest 1/4 of an inch, simply replace all the 16's in Step 2's examples with 4's.
- Step two: Converting your decimal to a useable fraction:
I prefer to round to the nearest 1/16 of an inch. To round to the nearest 1/16 of an inch, multiply your decimal by 16. The resulting number is how many 1/16's of an inch you have.
Using the numbers from Step 1 above:
.07874 times 16 = 1.26, which rounds to 1, so about 1/16 inch.
.2362 times 16 = 3.779, which rounds to 4, so about 4/16. 4/16 = 1/4 inch
1.1811 Removing the 1 gives you .1811 times 16 = 2.9, which rounds to 3, so about 3/16 inch... don't forget to add the 1 back on, so this is really 1-3/16 inch.
- For amounts over an inch, it is easiest to remove the whole inches, and add them back in after you convert the portion after the decimal point:
1.5748 Removing the 1 gives you .5748 times 16 = 9.1968, which rounds to 9, so about 9/16 inch... don't forget to add the 1 back on, so this is really 1-9/16 inch.
Using the numbers from step 1, that I also used in step 2, you would get...
.07874 times 4 = .315, which rounds to 0, so you get 0/4 of an inch (not a very useful number!)
.2362 times 4 = .9448, which rounds to 1, so you get 1/4 of an inch (which happens to be accurate)
- inches to millimeters, multiply by 25.4
- inches to centimeters, multiply by 2.54
- millimeters to inches, divide by 25.4
- centimeters to inches, divide by 2.54
- meters to feet, multiply by 3.28
- feet to meters, divide by 3.28
- millimeters to centimeters, divide by 10
- centimeters to meters, divide by 100